ASA is an association that supports homeless families to become self-sufficient. ASA association was set up more than 20 years ago to help homeless families living in the slums of Antanarivo. These families volunteered to go and live in newly created villages where they were given a home and farming land for their own use. Along with this they were given 2 ox, farming tools and seeds. The main objective of ASA is to permit the families to become financially independent and give them back some dignity.
Since 1991, ASA has succeeded in successfully relocated 360 families. Every year ASA permits 20 new families from the slums of Antanarivo to relocate to the countryside on the Hauts Plateaux of Madagascar (200 kilometres from the capital).
What type of family is targeted?
The principal selection is on a voluntary basis and on 3 additional criteria.
1. People living in slums without a roof over theirs heads, who are in great difficulty and have no land.
2.Families consisting of a couple and their children.
3.Motivation of the family. ASA simply presents the project to the population and it is for the families themselves to decide whether to enter into the project.
Proposals are made on site (in the streets) by representatives of ASA.
A family washes their clothes in the stagnant water of the slums.
A gradual insertion in several stages
This gradual reinsertion into country life has allowed us to integrate 95% of the families on the project successfully.
During the first three years, the families are welcomed into the village of Antanety, 17 km from the capital.
During these three years, the adults learn their future job as a farmer and to respect the life in a community. The children attend a school set up by ASA. Within this framework we have qualified advisers in farming and rearing of livestock along with a psychologist and social worker .It is only after completion of this stage that the families leave to join their new village on the Hauts Plateaux.
Each family has a house, three hectares of land given by the Government, essential farming equipment and two oxen. After seven years, the families own their house and land. Each village is located close to the previous ASA villages. The children attend one of the four schools built by ASA.1800 children attend school and two building dormitories are available.
A structured supervision within the villages
Six agriculture advisers, paid by ASA, and based in the village perform this. Their job is to visit the families twice a week to give them advice. Two social assistants are present in the village once a week.
ASA builds its 19th village.
The building of the 19th village and its infrastructure is well ahead. Twenty families will be welcomed here this autumn.