What is censorship ?
By Laurent Martin
Help the organization of an international symposium on the history and current state of censorship around the world, from the 18th century to today.
Place : Paris
Date : 6-8 February 2014
What do Arab springs, Wikileaks, surveillance of the internet by Chinese authorities, and Mediapart’s troubles following their publication of Bettencourt affair documents all have in common ?
This project was conceived a year ago when several academics and social science laboratories decided to meet and reflect anew on the old issue of censorship.
To think about censorship is to examine the forbidden, the phantasmal universe of an epoch, to question the refusals, taboos, prohibitions, fears of a society, to study the representations and imaginaries of the links between licit and illicit, visible and invisible, speakable and unspeakable.
Censorship has to do with the sacred and the secret (cf the theme, recurrent since the French Revolution, of “transparency” in public and sometimes private affairs), with tolerance and its topography (cf the notions of « limit » or « degree» of tolerance). It has to do with its “positive” mirror which accompanies it always and everywhere, propaganda, whereby society (but who ? why ? how ? etc.) recommends, prescribes, imposes (prescribed being the mirror image of proscribed).
It has to do with truth and lies not so much as logical concepts but as social concepts. It is, finally, the mechanism which regulates the opposition between the individual and the community by reminding the former of the requirements of the latter (cf the notion of « good moral standards »).
Common reflection on this type of subject is generally confined to a national scope or a specific domain (for example, censorship in French cinema, or in American comic strips). This project’s originality resides in its approach, which is comparative between countries and transversal through different means of expression.
Forty specialists from around the world are expected in Paris next February. Among them, not just academics, but also activists from non-governmental organizations who will bear witness to their daily struggle against censorship in all its forms.